Published On September 12, 2017 11:51 AM

Top 6 Car Safety Features That Can Save Your Life

The arrival of monsoon is, more often than not, accompanied by a surge in road accidents. Some of them can even prove to be fatal. And with cars becoming essential for numerous households, safety can no more be treated as an additional feature, but rather as a basic necessity. Increasingly, many new car buyers are becoming aware of this. But there is still a significant number who remain uneducated about its importance. Let’s take a look at some of these features and how they can save your life in close encounters.

Airbags
Airbags can be the key difference between walking away from a serious accident or a trip to the emergency ward. It is the most basic and important safety commodity of a car. So what makes it so important and how does it work?
Importance
In the event of a high-speed impact, airbags help in restraining the river and the occupants from landing face first on the driving wheel or the dashboard. It is crucial in preventing many injuries.
How does it work?
During an impact, the car decelerates rapidly. An accelerometer senses this sudden drop in speed and triggers the airbag circuit, which in turn inflates the airbags.

ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) and EBD (Electronic Brake Distribution)
The anti-lock braking system prevents wheels from locking up and skidding in the case of sudden braking. This allows the driver to steer the vehicle away from a collision.
Importance

  • It is important that your car decelerates as fast as it accelerates.
  • Tricky road surface conditions - wet, gravel, dirt - can mess matters up though.
  • The use of ABS in such a scenario can halve your chances of getting into any serious accidents.

How does it work?
ABS comes into action by removing the brake pressure from the wheel and then reapplying it.
This process is repeated over a hundred times in the matter of seconds, which in turn gives the driver enough steering control to avoid collision.
After all, it is easier to control a non-skidding vehicle than a skidding one.

EBD (Electronic Brake Distribution)
EBD is also a type of braking technology that works in conjunction with ABS. It varies and distributes the amount of force applied to each wheel. The variation of force is calculated by taking parameters like road conditions, speed loadings, etc. Into account. This enables the driver to maintain good steering control on a varied terrain.
Importance
Both ABS and EBD work on the same basic principle. However, in EBD it is not necessary that the brake force applied on each wheel is the same. EBD electronically monitors the conditions of the road, the pressure on the brake pedal and vehicle weight to determine where the maximum force needs to be applied. This provides precise braking under every condition. For instance, the front of the vehicle carries most of the load; the EBD senses this and prevents the rear wheel from locking up and skidding.
How does it work?
EBD is a sub-system of anti-lock braking system. When the brakes are applied suddenly, the ABS releases brake pressure from the wheel to prevent it from locking up. However, it is the EBD that detects the condition of the road and releases brake pressure accordingly. For example, less pressure will be released if the road is wet, and more if it’s regular asphalt.

Brake assist
It is a safety feature that helps the driver to stop his vehicle more effectively in the case of any emergency.
Importance
It has been observed that in emergency situations, the driver sometimes does not push the brake hard enough. The brake assist sensor detects this and applies the necessary additional braking power required to stop the vehicle.
How does it work?
The system works on feedbacks provided by the sensors.

ESP (Electronic Stability Program)
It is a program that helps in stabilising the vehicle by reducing traction loss during cornering.
Importance
This program helps monitors driving conditions and intervenes whenever necessary. For example, if it senses that there is a steering loss, it will automatically apply the brakes to keep the vehicle in control.
How does it work?
The work is mostly done in the background. It continuously monitors steering and driving conditions. It also measures the steering wheel angle to determine the driver’s intended direction. ESP comes into action only when it senses a probable steering loss, for example skidding on a slippery road.

Hill Hold Assist
Hill Hold Assist prevents your car from rolling backward on an incline when the brake is released.
Importance
It’s not a rare sight to see a car roll downhill and bump into another car on an incline. To avoid possible servicing charges and lawsuits, this feature becomes essential.
How does it work?
It simply holds the brake until the clutch is at the friction point. This is done with the help of sensors. The first sensor is placed on the front end of the vehicle to detect any inclination. The second sensor, placed in the disengaging mechanism, detects the position of the clutch and releases the brake.

 

Accidents can happen anytime. Make sure you protect yourself by using these safety features.



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